Juan Armenta Camacho and Cynthia Irwin-Williams started excavations in 1962 at Hueyatlaco, which is an archeological site in Valsequillo, Mexico. The team was joined by Virginia Steen-McIntyre in 1966. What the excavation came up with should have shaken the very root of Historical studies in the world. If, there hadn’t been a concerted and deliberate campaign to cover up the findings by obfuscating the evidence and discrediting McIntyre.
In a paper published in Quaternary Research in 1981 by Steen-McIntyre, Fyxell and Malde which discussed and defended the findings from Hueyatlaco, results from 4 sophisticated and independent test approaches were shared using uranium-thorium dating, fission track dating, tephra hydration dating and the studying of mineral weathering to determine the date of the artifacts.
The authors wrote:
The evidence outlined here consistently indicates that the Hueyatlaco site is about 250,000 yr. old. We who have worked on geological aspects of the Valsequillo area are painfully aware that so great an age poses an archeological dilemma [...] In our view, the results reported here widen the window of time in which serious investigation of the age of Man in the New World would be warranted. We continue to cast a critical eye on all the data, including our own.
Sophisticated man-made tools were found in the geographic strata of the Hueyatlaco site have been dated to ca. 250,000 ybp (years before the present), by multiple peer reviewed studies. This rubbishes the very history of “New World” or the Americas – which has been dated to be from 40,000 BC onwards.
Steen-McIntyre was to assert how she and other members of the original team were harassed and their careers were sabotaged, because their study challenged the prevalent Ideology of World History.
In a similar “spanner in the works” of the historical ideologies, Qesem cave studies have also thrown up evidence that strongly questions the very root of the prevalent history.
The Qesem Cave is an archeological site 12 km east of Tel-Aviv in Israel that is dated during the Lower Paleolithic as having been occupied by early humans from before 382,000 BP (Before Present) to around 200,000 BP.
The humans living there were hunters, had sophisticated tools and also used fire.
Bones from 4,740 prey animals have been identified. These are mostly large mammals such as fallow deer (73–76% of identified specimens), aurochs, horse, wild pig, wild goat, roe deer, wild ass and red deer. Tortoise and a rare rhinoceros remains have also been found but no gazelle bones.
These animal bones show marks of butchery, marrow extraction and burning from fire. Analysis of the orientation and anatomical placements of the cut marks suggest meat and connective tissue was cut off in a planned manner from the bone.
Ideological Indian History
If the history studies and archeological evidence has been sabotaged by ideological History experts, Indian history’s scenario is even worse. The motivation and the character of distortion to Indian history is best explained in a paper titled “Beginnings of Hinduism” by State University of New York.
Eighteenth- and nineteenth-century European attempts to explain the presence of Hindus in India were connected with the commonly held biblical belief that humankind originated from one pair of humans – Adam and Eve, created directly by God in 4005 BCE – and that all the people then living on the earth descended from one of the sons of Noah, the only family of humans to survive the Great Flood (dated 2350 BCE). The major problem associated with the discovery of new lands seemed to be to connect peoples not mentioned in the chapter 10 of Genesis. “The Peopling of the Earth”, with one of the biblical genealogical lists.
With regard to India this problem was addressed by the famous Abbe’ Dubois (1770-1848), whose long sojourn in India (1792-1823) enabled him to collect a large amount of interesting materials concerning the customs and traditions of the Hindus. His (French) manuscript was bought by the British East India Company and appeared in an English translation under the title Hindu Manners, Customs, and Ceremonies in 1897 with a prefatory note by the Right Honorable F. Max Muller. Address the origins of INdian people, Abbe’ Dubois, loath “to oppose [his] conjectures to [the Indians]absurd fables,” categorically stated: “It is practically admitted that India was inhabited very soon after the Deluge, which made a desert of the whole world. The fact that it was so close to the plains of Sennaar, where Noah’s descendants remained stationary so long, as well as its good climate and fertility of the country, soon led to its settlement.” Rejecting other scholars’ opinions that linked the Indians to Egyptians or Arabic origins, he ventured to suggest them “to be descendants not of Shem, as many argue but of Japhet.” He explains: “According to my theory they reached India from the north, and I should place the first abode of their ancestors in the neighbourhood of Caucasus.” The reasons he provides to prove his theory are utterly unconvincing – but he goes on to build the rest of his “migration theory” (not yet an Aryan invasion theory) on this shaky foundation.
When you read India’s history and the ideological maze it is mired into, you would realize that Dubois’ work inspired by Biblical history, later reinforced by Max Mueller’s so-called Indology and taken to its lofty heights by the Indigenous historians like Romilla Thapars.
Aryan Invasion Theory and India’s Civilization
Given Max Mueller’s fetish with racist Aryan construction, Aryan Invasion theory stuck to India’s history books. As explained here, Mueller tried to create the Aryan cult in Europe but failed. So he ported it to India, which the British were thankful for. Just as they were to Dubois.
In the German lands, too, Aryanism continued to thrive. By contrast, in Britain and America at mid-century, scholars were comparatively lukewarm about the issue. A possible reason for this may have been that these nations were building empires among non-Whites and, therefore, attended most to the racial differences separating non-Whites from the Whites. Although in Britain a debate about the influence the influence and merits of Celts and Saxons took center stage, the Anglo-German philologist Friedrich Max Muller (1823-1900), among others, helped encourage a cult of Aryanism that flourished from the late 1860s until the 1890s – a cult activated, in part, by a desire to trim Christianity of its non-Aryan, Judaic elements. (History of physical anthropology by Frank Spencer)
After this Indian history’s record was sabotaged at the altar of this Foreigner vs Indigenous framework. Many myths were created and even when the Aryan Invasion theory was proved incorrect by various credible sources – despite frantic reactions from fanatic Invasion-Historians like Witzel – the corollaries that followed Aryan Invasion remained intact. A lot in India’s history is fractured due to this dishonest scholarship.
The misfortune of Indian history is best described by Jim Schaeffer from Case Western.
“That the archaeological record and ancient oral and literate traditions of south Asia are now converging has significant implications for regional cultural history. A few scholars have proposed that there is nothing in the ‘literature’ firmly placing the Indo-Aryans outside of south Asia, and now the archaeological record is confirming this.
“We reject most strongly the simplistic historical interpretations, which date back to the eighteenth century, that continue to be imposed on south Asian culture history. These still prevailing interpretations are significantly diminished by European ethnocentrism, colonialism, racism, and anti-semitism. Surely, as south Asian studies approach the twenty-first century, it is time to describe emerging data objectively rather than perpetuate interpretations without regard to the data archaeologists have worked so hard to reveal.” (‘Migration, Philology and South Asian Archaeology’ by James Schaffer, Case Western University)
When the Hindu scriptures were conveniently described as “Mythology”, then it was not important to even use them as a reference for any historical understanding. On the other hand, Bible till today serves as a beacon of historical limits by most Westerners. The fight against Steen-McIntyre is a manifestation of that.