Romas, the gypsies of Europe, have been found to have their origin in North-west India. It is said that the Romas were driven out of India due to Islamic invasions. The 30 month study led by Dr. Thangaraj suggests that the Romas come from the aboriginal tribes or the Scheduled Castes and Tribes.
“We have proved scientifically that the forefathers of the European Roma Gypsies are the doma, a collective term for the ancient aboriginal populations of the Indian subcontinent, also known as Dalits,” Dr Kumaraswamy Thangaraj from Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Hyderabad told The Pioneer. Dr Thangaraj led the team of scientists in the 30-month-long study.
The study was extensive and covered a wide range of people from the gypsy population.
The Roman Gypsies are spread all over Europe, the USA and South America. Dr Gyaneshwer Chaubey from Estonian Biocentre said the breakthrough was made by studying the Y chromosomes of the Gypsies with that of various ethnic groups in Indian subcontinent. “The Y chromosome is passed on from father to sons and grandsons. All males of a family or gotra evolved from a single founder male will possess the same Y chromosome,” Dr Chaubey explained from Estonia through video-conferencing. He said the parental lineage of the Gypsies was traced based on the genetic signatures existing on Y chromosomes.
Nearly 10,000 males from around the world, including 7,000 males belonging to 205 ethnic population of India were screened by the scientific team which included molecular biologists, anthropologists and linguistic experts. “The aboriginal Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Castes populations of north-western India, traditionally referred as Dalits or domas are the most likely ancestral populations of modern European Roma,” said Dr Thangaraj.
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Another thing that this study also revealed was that Aryan Invasion Theory is nonsense. They have debunked the Aryan Invasion Theory.
What is of significance is that a 2009 and 2011 research by Dr Thangaraj and Dr Chaubey in association with another group of international scientists proved that the Aryan-Dravidian theory was bunkum. “Human genome sequencing and genetic studies proved that Indians all over the sub-continent had the same genetic traits. The physical traits differed because of external factors like climate, food habits and living conditions. We have found that there is no scientific validity for arguments like Aryan Invasion or Aryan-Dravidian theory. Classifications based on caste and religion are of recent origin and has nothing to do with genetic traits,” said Dr Thangaraj and Dr Chaubey.
It is time that Indian textbooks stop teaching the Aryan Invasion and the Aryan-Dravidian divide any more.
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